Utility-scale and commercial solar power plants

Solar power has become increasingly popular in recent years due to a growing interest in renewable energy sources. Photovoltaic power systems generate electricity that is clean, efficient, and sustainable, making it an attractive option for private homes, businesses, and communities. There are significant differences between solar energy systems for residential, commercial, and industrial use. The size, complexity, and purpose of PV power plants can be altered based on various factors and requirements.

A utility-scale solar power plant

A utility-scale solar power plant is a large solar energy system designed to generate electricity on a commercial scale. Utility companies or power providers typically own and operate such kinds of solar power plants, which are situated in areas with abundant sunlight and space.

Industrial solar power plants typically consist of large arrays of solar modules that capture sunlight and convert it into electricity. The solar panels can be mounted on fixed structures or special systems that track the movement of the sun throughout the day, maximizing their exposure to sunlight. The solar panels generate electricity that is fed into the grid and then distributed to energy consumers like homes and businesses.

Промислові сонячні електростанції

Commercial and private PV power systems

Solar for home and business refers to small or middle-scale solar energy systems designed to provide power to individual homes and businesses. These systems are typically installed in sunlit areas such as rooftops or other locations to generate electricity for the property owner’s personal use, e.g. self-consumption or net-metering models.

Commercial solar plants for private homes and businesses typically consist of solar modules, inverters, cables, and a battery storage system as an option. The solar modules capture sunlight and convert it into DC electricity, which is then converted into AC electricity by the inverter. The solar PV system generates electricity, which can be used immediately or stored in batteries for later use.

Домашні та комерційні фотоелектричні установки

The seven main differences between solar power plants for home, business, and industrial applications:

1. Size and Capacity. The most significant difference between a utility-scale and other solar power plants is their size and capacity. Utility-scale solar power plants are massive and powerful, often covering tens or hundreds of hectares and generating many megawatts of electricity. In contrast, solar systems for homes and businesses are typically smaller, covering fewer areas and generating less electricity. Utility-scale, commercial, and private solar systems can be also called big, medium, and small PV installations taking into account their typical capacities.

2. Purpose. The purpose of a utility-scale solar power plant is to generate electricity on an industrial scale and sell it to utility companies and other energy providers. The main goal is to generate as much electricity as possible and sell it into the electrical grid. On the other hand, the purpose of solar for home and business systems is to generate electricity for personal use and reduce reliance on the electrical grid. These systems are typically designed to meet the energy needs of a property owner and even may not generate enough electricity to sell back to the grid.

3. Cost. The CAPEX of a utility-scale solar power plant is much higher than that of any other commercial PV system. Industrial solar power plants require significant investment in equipment, land, and infrastructure, making it an expensive option. In contrast, commercial solar systems are much more affordable and able to recoup initial investment through energy savings over time.

4. Operation and Maintenance. Utility-scale PV power plants require regular and relatively expensive maintenance to ensure that they are operating at maximum efficiency. Accessing and repairing big PV farms located in remote areas can be more difficult. In contrast, private and commercial solar systems are relatively easy to maintain, with homeowners and businesses able to perform basic maintenance tasks themselves on-site.

5. Environmental Impact. While both utility-scale solar power plants and commercial solar systems for homes and businesses are considered environmentally friendly, there are some differences in their impact. Operating utility-scale solar power plants requires significant land, which can impact local ecosystems. In contrast, solar systems for homes and businesses have a smaller area and can be installed on existing structures like rooftops and carports, minimizing environmental impact.

6. Power Output. The energy output of a utility-scale solar power plant is significantly higher than that of smaller PV installations. These power plants are designed to generate electricity on an industrial scale, often producing hundreds of megawatts of electricity. In contrast, solar for home and business systems are designed to meet the local energy needs which are typically lower.

7. Government Incentives. Many countries around the world offer state incentives for the installation of solar power systems, but existing support programs may vary depending on the size and type of PV systems. In some cases, utility-scale solar power plants may be eligible for larger incentives due to their size and contribution to the electrical grid. However, in other cases, governments may offer more generous incentives for solar for home and business systems, as they are seen as a way to reduce the strain on the electrical grid and promote energy independence.


The difference between utility-scale solar power plants and solar for homes and businesses lies in their size, purpose, cost, complexity, and impact on the environment. While big industrial solar farms play a crucial role in generating electricity on a commercial scale, solar for home and business systems offer a more personalized and cost-effective solution for homeowners and businesses.

Now is the opportune time to start your solar journey by installing a commercial solar power plant. The turnkey installation price is decreased while payback is less than three years. By investing in solar, the Ukrainian companies can alleviate the economic burden of purchasing electricity as well as contribute to a greener and more sustainable future.

Let’s embrace the opportunity to use the cheap power of the sun for companies’ self-consumption and make a positive impact on the environment. The time has come to adopt solar energy and take charge of your energy future. Are you interested? Just contact Avenston!


Key business activities of Avenston

Utility-Scale Solar Plants

We build on-grid utility-scale solar PV power plants to operate using a "green" tariff or to sell electricity through a system of "green" auctions. On-grid ground-mounted solar power plants - project, turnkey EPC-contract, connection to grid.
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Commercial Solar Plants

Since 2010, we have been performing a full range of development, engineering, construction, and maintenance for all types of solar photovoltaic power systems. Huge practical experience in the construction of solar power plants for commercial use.
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Floating PV Power Plants

We offer all necessary services and innovative solutions for the implementation of floating solar power plants (FPV) in Europe and the Middle East. Technical consulting, design, and turnkey EPC services.
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Energy Storage Systems

A full range of services for the implementation of battery energy storage systems (BESS) for solar PV power plants and other renewable energy facilities, industry and the commercial sector. Development, design, construction and commissioning.
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Equipment for Solar Power Farms

Avenston has many years of experience in planning and procurement, and supply of equipment and materials to the site. The coordination of suppliers, cost and choice of payment methods of goods delivery, and choice of optimal delivery schedule.
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Backup Power Supply

We provide services for the installation of modern uninterruptible and backup power sources for commercial enterprises. Design, installation and service of low and medium power UPS. Backup power supply systems.
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Operations & Maintenance

We expand the useful lifetime of facilities, maximize their profitability, streamline their performance and availability, and minimize their consumption and operating costs. Routine and non-routine maintenance, warranty, and service.
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Additional Engineering Services

Avenston provides separate services related to the technical aspects of implementing projects in renewable energy: simulating, feasibility study, design, installation and electrical works.
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